Useful Photography Tricks !

Some amazing and helpful tricks to take a better pic next time. They surely helped me, now its your turn. ENJOY CLICKING!

1. Get close to your subject
The single simplest way to improve your photographs is to move physically closer to what you are photographing. If you can’t get physically closer, then zoom in close using your camera’s zoom.

2. Move to macro
When shooting an object close up, set your camera to its macro setting, which is indicated by a small flower and which is accessible either on the camera or from its menus. Zoom all the way back out (macro and zoom don’t mix) and check that the camera is able to focus on what you’re shooting. If not, move back a little
and try again. Most cameras can capture shots using macro mode as close as a few centimetres from the object.

3. Choose your mode
Most cameras have settings for portrait, landscape, night shooting, sports, and so on. Choose the correct mode for the type of conditions and the camera will automatically configure the ideal settings to ensure the best shots in the available light conditions.

4. White balance
Different light sources throw different colour casts onto your photos. For instance, inside lighting such as fluorescent and tungsten globes will throw blue/green and orange colours onto your image. When shooting indoors without a flash, set the correct white balance mode to match the light source. This also applies when shooting on a cloudy day.

5. Rule of thirds
Draw an imaginary tic-tack-toe board over the image in your camera’s LCD as you’re about to take the photograph. Ensure you place key elements of the photograph along the horizontal or vertical lines and at the intersection of the lines. This ensures, for example, a horizon line is across the top or bottom third of an image and never across the middle.

6. Frame using the LCD
For point-and-shoot cameras, frame the shot using the camera’s LCD, not the viewfinder. The LCD gives a better representation of the photograph you are about to take. Most digital SLRs require you to use the viewfinder.

7. Brace yourself
When taking a photograph, hold the camera close to your body with both hands, take a deep breath, capture the photo and exhale. For better stability, particularly for long exposures, use a tripod.

8. Time of day
In the early morning and late evening, the light can be quite spectacular and you can capture not only sunrises and sunsets, but also interesting coloured lighting effects on trees, buildings and your subject’s face. In the intense sun of midday, look for interesting shadows and plays of light and dark.

9. Unusual angles
Look for different angles to shoot from. Take a portrait shot from a vantage point high above a person and look for different angles when photographing classic buildings to capture photographs that aren’t the same as everyone else’s.

10. Fill the viewfinder
When snapping portraits, fill the viewfinder with the subject and don’t hesitate to lop off ears or the top of the person’s head. You’ll find that the closer you get to your subject and the more their head fills the viewfinder, the better shot you get.
11. Use available light
Look for light sources that are more interesting and varied than your flash. Place the subject close to a window to capture natural light or use reflected light or a skylight. Lighting a subject from the side is often more interesting than using the flash straight on.

12. Flash time
Use your flash when capturing portraits on a very bright day. While it may seem counter productive, the flash will light your subject’s face and avoid the deep shadows that the overhead sun will cast on their face.

13. Adjust for light
Most digital cameras, in  particular SLRs, let you select ISO film equivalencies. Choose 200 or 400 sensitivity for photographing in bright light conditions and use 800 and 1600 when light is scarce. Higher sensitivity values will display more film grain in the final image.

14. No flash zone
The effective radius of your camera’s flash is 3m to 5m, so it won’t work in a sporting stadium at night. Instead, use a long exposure time and mount the camera on a tripod.

15. Make your choice
When you run short of space on your camera’s card, reduce the quality and increase the compression for your photos rather than reducing the photo size. Increasing compression increases the number of photos that you can store and you won’t notice a significant degradation in quality.

16. Moving objects
When shooting a moving object, capture it as it comes towards you, as your camera can focus more easily this way. If an object is travelling across your field of vision, follow the movement with the camera as you capture the shot. The object will be in focus and the remainder of the background will be pleasantly blurry.

17. Adjusting exposure
Avoid over or under-exposed photos using your camera’s exposure compensation settings. These can usually be adjusted +2 to -2EV. To lighten a shot, use + values and to darken, use – values.

18. Perfect with a polariser
Invest in a quality circular polarising filter for your camera. This filter will cut the glare and reflections when shooting in bright sun at the beach or in the snow and gives you bright blue skies and crisper more saturated colours.

19. Create a frame
When shooting an object in the distance, frame it using an object in the foreground, such as an overhanging tree or an arched window. The frame will invite the viewer to look into the image.

20. Depth of field
Use your camera’s Aperture Priority setting and set the aperture to a small f-stop such as 2.8 to capture photographs with an interesting depth of field. Focus the camera on the object to appear in focus and then the object in front and behind this object will appear pleasingly out of focus.

21. Reflections
Look for interesting items to reflect your subject in. Faces can be reflected in a car’s rear vision mirror and buildings can be reflected in a puddle on the footpath. Images of objects reflected in shiny surfaces often result in more compelling images than would be the case if you simply photographed the original object.

22. Get down low
When photographing pets and children, get down to their level so you capture the child or animal face-on rather than photographing the top of their head. If shooting from above, get a lot higher and get your subject to look up as you take the shot.

23. Shoot a panorama
When capturing a long or very tall object, shoot it as a series of images and stitch it into a panorama with your graphic software. Most point-and-shoot cameras have a panorama mode to help you line up and capture the series of images you need to assemble the large image later on.

24. Axe the zoom
Of the two types of digital camera zoom, only optical zoom is a true zoom feature. If your camera offers digital zooming, which simply discards excess pixels without capturing any extra detail, disable it so you use only optical zoom for better photos.

25. Focus and shift
To focus on an object off-centre in your photo, point to the object and press the shutter release halfway down to focus on the object. Move the camera to reframe the scene and continue to depress the shutter and take the photograph.

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